The mutualistic symbiosis between fungus-gardening ants and their cultivars has made fundamental contributions to our understanding of the coevolution of complex species interactions. Reciprocal specialization and vertical symbiont cotransmission are thought to promote a pattern of largely synchronous coevolutionary diversification in attines. Here we test this hypothesis by inferring the first time-calibrated multigene phylogeny of the lepiotaceous attine cultivars and comparing it with the recently published fossil-anchored phylogeny of the attine ants. While this comparison reveals some possible cases of synchronous origins of ant and fungal clades, there were a number of surprising asynchronies. For example, leaf-cutter cultivars appear to be significantly younger than the corresponding ant genera. Similarly, a clade of fungi interacting with primitive fungus-gardening ants–thought to be ancestral to the more derived leaf-cutter symbionts–appears instead to be a more recent acquisition from free-living stock. These macroevolutionary patterns are consistent with recent population-level studies suggesting occasional acquisition of novel cultivar types from environmental sources and horizontal transmission of cultivars between different ant species. Horizontal transmission events, even if rare, appear to form loose ecological connections between diffusely coevolving ant and fungus lineages that permit punctuated changes in the topology of the mutualistic ant-fungus interaction network. Abstract The mutualistic symbiosis between fungus-gardening ants and their cultivars has made fundamental contributions to our understanding of the coevolution of complex species interactions. Publication types Research Support, U.
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Relationships are complicated. So it’s no surprise that helping your child navigate the teen dating years is a challenging parenting.
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Just when you thought horticulture had been deployed for every possible therapeutic benefit, here comes a new initiative that uses gardening as a dating tool. Singles — aged between 32 and 47 — are invited to register for a “Companion Planting” event being held this month at the FareShare kitchen garden in Abbotsford.
Participants 15 men and 15 women will be able to dig, plant, weed, harvest and speed date at the same time.
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I love For over 16 years Country Nyc Magazine has been bringing together people of all ages to share their love of the countryside. And we have an impressive track gardening of over 18 marriages and 24 babies born as a result of the couples who met through the campaign! So now we have brought our successful formula on-line to offer you, wherever you live, the chance to connect with like-japanese country lovers.
This makes the site for you whether you are country-based or a care-dweller who makes gardening, walking, fishing, riding or any conscious country hobby. Dating can be a daunting prospect, especially if you are dating later in life and our aim makes to make it as straightforward as possible in a secure environment. The behind-the-scenes garden works constantly to vet members and help you along the way.
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University lecturer digs up medieval silver coin dating back 660 years in his garden
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So, you want to start dating again, but you fancy meeting someone who shares your interests. In particular, you would like to meet someone who enjoys spending time in the garden. At Dating Gardeners, we make this happen! There are plenty of others like you, who derive great pleasure from watching things flourish and grow, and who would like to share their gardening experience with a kindred spirit.
Gardening and dating — What has gardening got to do with dating? Well, let me surprise you….. I have a very large garden. It has been unbearably overgrown. I have walked out into it, taken a deep breath, and walked back indoors on many occasions. Last summer, attempting to have my breakfast by the pond, it was difficult to find room on the old stone seat because of the brambles.
I have lost sleep over this garden. In short, I have neglected it.
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Deep in the heart of Brunswick, down by the Merry Creek, lies a market garden growing a remarkable secret crop. Owned until by Joe Garita, an Italian community builder and gardener, Joe and his family joyfully shared their passion and produce for decades until, through a series of events, the lease fell to the community environment park, CERES. I love it!
After a bit of experimenting, Connors found the event works best when the format is relaxed. Participants also add what they are looking for: friend, lover, movie or gardening buddies, or whatever they decide. When the music stops, every five or 10 minutes, the weeders stop.
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If you are single and have a passion for gardening Greenfingerdating. We are a UK dating site tailored to matching singles with a love of horticulture. You can register for free by filling in the form above and once you’ve completed the sign up process you’ll be able to search our entire database of UK members and easily find a single gardener in your local area. You’ll be under no pressure or obligation to pay us a single penny but we are confident that once you see how easy the site is to use, and are able to browse the thousands of Greenfingerdating members we already have you will want to upgrade to full membership.
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Perth Garden Festival has just finished up and it was a great success this year. The ladies in the background could see the funny side in me wanting a crown of Leschenaultia. I love sharing my knowledge with such engaged audiences. I wanted to demonstrate that gardening need not take up very much time, should be fun and also that anyone can create a garden in a container, regardless of age or physical ability. Another tip that I was keen to share with West Australian gardeners is the current trend in the US and elsewhere in the world to plant many things in the one basket rather than just one single plant as tends to be the case here.
The opportunity to create a mini garden in a container and tell a whole story is something quite new to people here. This is great for folk who might be living in a small space, people renting or those not inclined to garden other than by using containers. It is appealing to so many gardeners.